Bangladesh Visa Application Centre

BNG
About Bangladesh

Basic Facts of Bangladesh

Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country on 16 December 1971 following a nine-month war of liberation. Dhaka (previously spelt Dacca) is its capital.

 

INFORMATION BRIEF

Official name People's Republic of Bangladesh (Gana Prajatantri Bangladesh)

Capital Dhaka.

Government Parliamentary form of government, president is head of the State and prime minister is head of government.

Time GMT +6.00 hours

Area and boundaries Area: 147,570 sq km. Boundaries: west bengal (India) on the west; West Bengal,assam and Meghalaya (all the Indian states) on the north; Indian states of Assam, tripura and Mizoram together with Myanmar on the east; and bay of bengal on the south. The total length of the land border is about 4,246 km, of which 93.9% is shared with India and the rest 6% with Myanmar. Limit of territorial water is 12 nautical miles (22.22 km) and the area of the high seas extending to 200 nautical miles (370.40 km) measured from the baselines constitutes the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

Administrative units division 6 (Dhaka, chittagong, khulna, rajshahi, barisal, sylhet); district 64; upazila and thana 507, union 4,484, mouza 59,990, village 87,319; city corporation 6(Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal); municipality 223.

Physiography A humid lowlying alluvial region, Bangladesh is composed mainly of the great combined delta of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna rivers. It is one of the largest deltas in the world. The monotony of flatness has been relieved inland by two elevated tracts - the madhupur and the barind tracts, and on the northeast and southeast by rows of hills. Some 75% of the land is less than 3m above mean sea level (MSL) and vulnerable to floods and cyclones. The maximum elevation is 1,280m above MSL at Saichal Range in rangamati district. Tajingdong is the highest peak and called as Bijoy.

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